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中国舞蹈
 
民族舞---民族舞蹈是一种起源于人民生活中的肢体动作语言,以日常活动抽象化为表现形式。亦可称为土风舞、民俗舞蹈或国际民俗舞蹈。传统土风舞通常称为传统舞,系源自于各地的节日或是祭典仪式需要所产生的,如印度或马来西亚的祈雨舞;或是与生活作息有关的如夏威夷的捕鱼舞,以色列的水舞;也有为了驱邪(驱虫)的意大利铃鼓舞等等。
民间舞---泛指产生并流传于民间、受民俗文化制约、即兴表演但风格相对稳定、以自娱为主要功能的舞蹈形式。不同地区、国家、民族的民间舞蹈,由于受生存环境、风俗习惯、生活方式、民族性格、文化传统、宗教信仰等因素影响,以及受表演者的年龄性别等生理条件所限,在表演技巧和风格上有着十分明显的差异。民间舞不乏朴实无华、形式多样、内容丰富、形象生动等特点,历来都是各国古典舞、宫廷舞和专业舞蹈创作不可或缺的素材来源。
古典舞---中国古典舞从其源来说,是古代舞蹈的一次复苏,是戏曲舞蹈的复苏,是几千年中国舞蹈传统的复兴。十分明显,它的审美原则不是什么新发明,而是几千年中华文化的流传和延续,是用一根长线从古串到今的,这些原则非但在戏曲中可见,在唐宋乐舞中,在汉魏“舞戏”中,甚至在商周礼乐中,都能见其蛛丝马迹它的文化特征;就其流来讲,它是在原生地上生成的一个崭新的艺术品类,这是一个可以和芭蕾舞、现代舞相媲美的新的舞蹈种类,这个衍舞种是地道的中国货
汉唐舞---汉唐古典舞是以中国古代文明史中最辉煌的汉、唐精神和艺术气质为审美主干,以汉、唐为代表的乐舞文化传统和明、清以来发展成熟的戏曲舞蹈形式为支点,而创建的中国古典舞学派。 本学派的创始人孙颖教授从上个世纪五十年代初到七十年代历经了二十余年的理论思考和准备,先后发表了《试论中国古典舞》、《再论中国古典舞》和《三论中国古典舞》以及探讨创建中国古典舞艺术体系的多篇文章,在中国舞蹈界引起极大的反响
芭蕾舞—芭蕾舞(意大利语:balletto;法语、英语:ballet),欧洲古典舞蹈,孕育于意大利文艺复兴时期,十七世纪后半叶开始在法国发展流行并逐渐职业化,在不断革新中风靡世界。芭蕾舞最重要的一个特征即女演员表演时以脚尖点地,故又称脚尖舞。其代表作品有《天鹅湖》、《仙女》、《胡桃夹子》等。芭蕾舞是用音乐、舞蹈手法来表演戏剧情节。芭蕾艺术孕育在意大利,降生在十七世纪后期路易十四的法国宫廷,十八世纪在法国日臻完美,到十九世纪末期,在俄罗斯进入最繁荣的时代。芭蕾在近四百年的持久历史成长过程中,对世界列国影响很大,传布极广,至今已成为世界列国都全力成长的一种艺术形式了。女演员舞蹈时常用脚趾尖点地。
现代舞---现代舞(Modern Dance), 是20世纪初在西方兴起的一种与古典芭蕾相对立的舞蹈派别。其主要美学观点是反对古典芭蕾的因循守旧、脱离现实生活和单纯追求技巧的形式主义倾向,主张摆脱古典芭蕾舞过于僵化的动作程式的束缚,以合乎自然运动法则的舞蹈动作,自由地抒发人的真实情感,强调舞蹈艺术要反映现代社会生活。
踢踏舞---踢踏舞(英文:tap dance)是现代舞蹈风格的一种。形成于18世纪20年代的美国。当时爱尔兰移民和非洲奴隶把各自的民间舞蹈带到美国,逐渐融合形成了新的舞蹈形式。这种舞蹈的形式比较开放自由,没有很多的形式化限制。舞者不注重身体的舞姿,而是着重趾尖与脚跟的打击节奏的复杂技巧。踢踏舞根据不同舞曲的节奏来跳快慢的程度,主要靠踢踏鞋发出‘踢踢踏踏’的声音。影视剧《爱在春天》部分集数也略有介绍。
爵士舞---爵士一词本来是舞蹈音乐,在音乐用语的 “Jazz” 是在一九零零年以后才被使用,在那以前似乎叫做“Jass”,随著一八八零年爵士乐的诞生,配合而生才有爵士舞一词;又因爵士乐在演奏上,一向相当热闹,才会有喧闹,狂躁、活泼之意的解释。爵士舞动作的本质是一种自由而纯朴的表现,直接把内心的感受用身体的颠、抖、扭表达出来。就像我们听到喜欢的音乐,能从内心自然的流露出感情,身体就不由自主的随着音乐节奏而活动,如弹响手指、摆首顿足、时而兴奋激烈,时而缓慢优柔的溶入音乐之中。 爵士舞主要是动作和旋律方面的表演,主要目的是为了娱乐别人也娱乐自己,可带给自己与别人一段美好的时光,这也是为甚么它的表现一点都不虚饰,舞蹈时所散发出愉悦的气氛和那种快乐的精神非常具感染力。虽然说必须具有非常好的技巧才能成为一位成功的爵士舞者,但是几乎每个人都能掌握它的基础舞步,而且爵士舞的表演空间很广,个人的色彩和独特的风格才是舞动时最令人注目的地方。 例如它会配合爵士音乐表现感情,也借助或仿效其他舞蹈技巧;如在步法和动作上,应用芭蕾舞的动作位置和原则、踢踏舞技巧的灵敏性、现代舞躯体的收缩与放松、拉丁舞的舞步与摆臀以及东方舞蹈上半身的挪动位置等等。 风格型爵士舞和现代爵士舞。 爵士舞是一种集芭蕾舞、现代舞、African Dance、Show Dance、Theatre Dance、Social Dance 和 East Indian Folk Dance 於一身的「多元表演舞蹈」,因此独具特色、别树一格。爵士舞蹈及音乐源於美国,带有浓厚的黑奴文化背景。直到二十年代「爵士」直卷各地,人人争相学习。跳爵士舞需要有扎实的基本贯通,加上心灵身体的全情投入才能把精髓表现出来。
肚皮舞---肚皮舞是土耳其的传统舞蹈。但是包括古埃及在内,在地中海、巴尔干地区以及中东地区也可以追溯到肚皮舞的根源,甚至有很多学者认为,西班牙的弗拉明哥舞也是从肚皮舞演变过来的。如果你曾见过弗拉明戈的热烈奔放,你将知道为什么会流传着这样的说法,但是肚皮舞要远比弗拉明戈妖娆妩媚。在这个舞蹈中,腹部等部位的动作远远多于四肢的动作,这种独特的舞姿来源与女性分娩时的痛苦和对孕育新生命的喜悦,另外为了表示对地母神的敬意,这些少女必须光着脚跳舞,到了后来这种专门为神灵而跳的舞蹈被命名,也就是我们说的肚皮舞。
可能东方人本身就会对这种东方的舞蹈本能的喜欢,特别是其中的神秘让我充满了好奇,肚皮舞这个名字简单直接,不如芭蕾舞香艳轻巧。无论是欧洲人还是美国人都早早的为这种舞蹈折服。
肚皮舞到底是何时产生的,源于怎样的原因,又受到了什么舞蹈的影响都已经无据可考了,不同的地区,不同的国家,有不同的传说和故事。 相传有一位貌美且身材妙曼的年轻女子,结婚之后不知道为什么一直没有小孩,痛苦的女子来到神庙祈祷。在神秘力量的引导下她开始动情地在神像前投足、扭腰、摆臀,好似舞蹈,以此来祈求生育之神能圆她有一个孩子的愿望。后来将她的“舞蹈”作为祭祀舞蹈。这从古埃及文物的壁画中可以找到佐证,因此这个说法被视作流传最广泛的肚皮舞的起源保存了下来。
以胸部腹部以及骨盆为重点舞动部位的肚皮舞,非常适合女性的身体结构,会给女性带来很好的效果。首先,肚皮舞有利于子宫的锻炼,这也与古老的传说一脉相传——它能让女性的生产更加顺利,其次骨盆的运动可以强化生殖器周边肌肉,不仅可以确保荷尔蒙的正常分泌,而且还能矫正骨骼。除此之外,背部肌肉和胸部腹部肌肉的波浪型动作,不仅可以增强全身的柔软性,还可以锻炼体内的重要器官以及身体的肌肉。
我以为这种说法最合理,特别是当我随着音乐舞动身体的时候,我强烈地感觉一种母性的东西在我的身体中流转,并且熠熠生辉。可能正是如此,一种地母似的生命力、活力与生的盎然才能在舞蹈的同时静默地流淌。 肚皮舞是身心合一的修身养性之舞,是神圣、崇高的宫廷舞,一如西方的芭蕾舞。
持此种观点的人认为,肚皮舞主要源于印度、阿拉伯、埃及等中东地区。它的基本动作也以这几个国家的古典、宫廷舞为主。所以说来自埃及皇室舞蹈的肚皮舞历史十分悠久,古埃及新王国时代第十八朝的墓中,就画有与现代肚皮舞女郎相似的舞娘,其优美的舞姿充满了迷人韵味。传说只有宫廷贵妇才有资格学习,所以跳舞的时候既要高贵,也要热情,既要矜持,也要娇媚,从中可以感受到一种不同于西方文化的内敛与奔放混杂。
随着现代娱乐场所的建立,此舞转人夜总会和酒吧间。盛行于开罗、亚历山大等大城市的高级饭店和城乡人民的婚礼上。
源自埃及皇室的肚皮舞,以她卓越风姿成为世界各国娱乐场所的必备节目。
肚皮舞的发源地是埃及和土耳其,后来传播到北美和欧洲等地区,并在这些地区溶入了一些全新的要素。
当代舞---“当代舞”主要指广泛吸收而又不拘一格地运用中国传统舞蹈素材和外来艺术素材进行的创作和表演。该舞种的作品追求鲜明的艺术形象和丰富的民族审美情趣,反映中国当代火热的社会生活和时代性的精神风貌。
广场舞---广场舞是舞蹈艺术中最庞大的系统,因多在广场聚集而得名,融自娱性与表演性为一体,以集体舞为主要表演形式,以娱乐身心为主要目的。广场舞在公共场所由群众自发组织,参与者多为中老年人,其中又以大妈居多。广场舞是人民群众创造的舞蹈,是专属于人民群众的舞蹈,因为民族的不同,地域的不同,群体的不同所以广场舞的舞蹈形式也不同。广场舞是近几年流行起来的,所以又叫现代舞,是现代都市人们健身舞,一般广场舞很多都是结合现代流行因素进行编舞,所以和现代生活息息相关。
狮子舞---舞狮是我国优秀的民间艺术。每逢佳节或集会庆典,民间都以舞狮来助兴、舞狮有南北之分,南方以广东的舞狮表演最为有名。狮子是由彩布条制作而成的。每头狮子有两个人合作表演,一人舞头,一人舞尾。表演者在锣鼓音乐下,装扮成狮子的样子,做出狮子的各种形态动作。在表演过程中,舞狮者要以各种招式来表现南派武功,非常富有阳刚之气。
腰鼓舞---安塞腰鼓是一种非常独特的民间大型舞蹈艺术形式,具有2000年以上的历史。独具魅力的安塞腰鼓像掀起在黄土地上的狂飚,粗犷的动作变化,刚劲奔放的雄浑舞姿,充分体现着陕北高原民众憨厚朴实、悍勇威猛的个性。早在1986年,安塞腰鼓就荣膺首届中国民间舞蹈大赛最高荣誉大奖,近年来,它先后在第11届亚运会开幕式、香港回归庆典等大型活动中表演,并赴日本进行表演。安塞腰鼓表演可由几人或上千人一同进行,磅礴的气势,精湛的表现力令人陶醉。1996年,安塞县被国家文化部命名为“腰鼓之乡”。

Chinese dance
 
 
 
National Dance - national dance is a kind of body movement language originated from people's life, which is represented by abstraction of daily activities. It can also be called folk dance, folk dance or international folk dance. Traditional folk dances are usually called traditional dances, which are originated from festivals or rituals, such as rain praying dances in India or Malaysia, fishing dances in Hawaii, water dances in Israel, Italian bell dances for exorcism (insect repellent), etc.
 
Folk Dance - generally refers to the dance form produced and spread in the folk, restricted by folk culture, improvised performance but relatively stable style, with self entertainment as the main function. Due to the influence of living environment, customs, life style, national character, cultural tradition, religious belief and other factors, as well as the limitation of physiological conditions such as age and gender of performers, the folk dances of different regions, countries and nationalities have ten significant differences in performance skills and styles. Folk dance has many characteristics, such as simple, various forms, rich contents, vivid images, etc. it has always been an indispensable source of materials for the creation of classical dance, Palace dance and professional dance in various countries.
 
Classical dance - from its source, Chinese classical dance is a revival of ancient dance, Opera Dance, and thousands of years of Chinese dance tradition. Obviously, its aesthetic principle is not a new invention, but the spread and continuation of Chinese culture for thousands of years, which is linked with a long line from ancient times to the present. These principles are not only visible in opera, but also in Tang and song music and dance, Han and Wei "dance opera", and even in Shang and Zhou rites and music. In terms of flow, they are generated in the original place This is a new kind of art, which can be compared with ballet and modern dance. This kind of derivative dance is authentic Chinese
 
Dance of Han and Tang Dynasties - classical dance of Han and Tang Dynasties is a school of Chinese classical dance founded with the most brilliant spirit and artistic temperament of Han and Tang Dynasties in the history of ancient Chinese civilization as the aesthetic backbone, the cultural tradition of music and dance represented by Han and Tang Dynasties and the mature forms of Opera Dance developed since the Ming and Qing Dynasties as the fulcrum. Professor Sun Ying, the founder of this school, has experienced more than 20 years of theoretical thinking and preparation from the early 1950s to the 1970s. He has published several articles, such as "on Chinese classical dance", "on Chinese classical dance again" and "three on Chinese classical dance", and discussed the establishment of the art system of Chinese classical dance, which has aroused great repercussions in the Chinese dance industry
 
Ballet Ballet (Italian: balletto; French, English: Ballet), a European classical dance, was born in the Italian Renaissance. In the second half of the 17th century, it began to develop in France and gradually became professional, and it was constantly innovating and sweeping the world. One of the most important characteristics of ballet is that when an actress performs, she points her toes to the ground, so it is also called toe dance. His representative works include Swan Lake, fairy, Nutcracker, etc. Ballet is the use of music, dance techniques to perform the dramatic plot. Ballet art was conceived in Italy, born in the French court of Louis XIV in the late 17th century. It became perfect in France in the 18th century, and entered the most prosperous era in Russia in the late 19th century. In the process of nearly 400 years' long history, ballet has a great influence on the world, spread widely, and has become a kind of art form that all countries in the world are striving to grow up. Actresses often point their toes when they dance.
 
Modern dance is a kind of dance school opposite to classical ballet, which rose in the West in the early 20th century. Its main aesthetic point is to oppose the formalism tendency of the classical ballet, which is conservative, divorced from the real life and simple pursuit of skills. It advocates to get rid of the shackles of the too rigid movements of the classical ballet, so as to express people's real feelings freely in accordance with the laws of natural movement, and emphasizes that the dance art should reflect the modern social life.
 
Tap dance - tap dance is a kind of modern dance style. It was formed in the United States in the 1820s. At that time, Irish immigrants and African slaves brought their folk dances to the United States, and gradually formed a new form of dance. This kind of dance is more open and free, without many formal restrictions. The dancers don't pay attention to the dance posture of the body, but focus on the complex technique of striking rhythm of toe tip and heel. According to the rhythm of different dance music, tap dancing can be fast or slow. It mainly relies on tap shoes to make the sound of "kick, tap and step". Some episodes of love in spring are also introduced.
 
Jazz Dance - Jazz was originally dance music. Before that, it seemed to be called "jass". With the birth of jazz in 1880, jazz dance came into being. Because of the lively performance of jazz, there was a loud, manic and lively interpretation. The essence of jazz dance is a kind of free and simple performance, which directly expresses the inner feelings with the bumps, shakes and twists of the body. Just like when we hear the music we like, we can naturally express our feelings from our hearts, and our bodies can't help but move with the music rhythm, such as playing fingers, putting the head on foot, sometimes excited, sometimes slowly and gently melting into the music. Jazz dance is mainly a performance of movement and melody. Its main purpose is to entertain others and themselves, and to bring them and others